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KEY LEARNINGS: SOCIAL STUDIES
 

KINDERGARTEN                                                                                                                           

History 

Chronological Thinking: 

• Identify and order events 

Historical Knowledge: 

• Compare events of today and long ago 
• Study celebrations and holidays 
• Listen to and retell stories about people in the past 

Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Describe the roles and responsibilities of school personnel 

Functions of Government: 

• Give examples of rules 
• Identify purposes of having rules 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Identify the flags of your country and state/parish/province 
• Identify examples of responsible citizenship 

Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Recognize maps and globes as a way to represent the earth 
• Identify map symbols for land and water 

Climate: 

• Identify the four seasons 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Describe ways to keep the environment clean 

Economics 

Work and Workers: 

• Give examples of work activities that people do at home 
• Match simple descriptions of work that people do and the names of related jobs 
• Demonstrate one’s best effort in every task 

Commerce: 

• Understand the differences between needs and wants 
• Explain that people work to earn money to buy things they need and want 
• Recognize pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters, and distinguish the greater or lesser value of coins 
• Understand the responsibility of making good choices with money 

Stewardship: 

• Describe and illustrate the value of tithing and returning offerings Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual Development: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Identify ways in which people are alike and different 
• Recognize each individual’s uniqueness and value to God 
• Demonstrate effective time management  
• Recognize birthdays 

Individual and Society: 

• Understand the individuals’ roles and responsibilities in family 
• Develop a respect for others 

Culture: 

• Identify national and religious holidays 

Outreach/Service: 

• Participate in age appropriate outreach/service projects


 

FIRST GRADE 

History 

Chronological Thinking: 

• Sequentially order school events 

Historical Knowledge: 

• Compare past and present family and daily life 
• Identify celebrations and holidays 
• Listen to and retell stories about people in the past 

Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Give examples of people who make and enforce rules 

Functions of Government: 

• Identify rules and laws and why they exist 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Recite and explain the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance 
• Understand that voting is a way of making decisions 
• Explain the national and patriotic symbols of your country 
• Identify civic virtues that are needed to be a good citizen Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Describe differences between a map and a globe 
• Understand how to read a simple map 

Places: 

• Locate your country on a globe 
• Learn home address 

Climate: 

• Describe effects of seasonal changes 
• Identify types of weather 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• List examples of natural resources 
• Tell how resources are gifts from God 

Economics 

Work and Workers: 

• Identify the specialized work that people do  
• Acquire knowledge, attitudes, and skills essential to meeting family responsibilities 

Commerce: 

• Understand that workers earn money to provide needs and wants 
• Explain why wanting more than they can have requires that people make choices 

Stewardship: 

• Describe and illustrate the value of tithing and returning offerings Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Understand the importance of fairness and honesty 
• Recognize that we are all God’s children 

Society: 

• Respect the similarities and differences in families 

Culture: 

• Understand the celebration of holidays 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Participate in age appropriate outreach/service projects


 

SECOND GRADE 

History 

Historical Knowledge: 

• Identify individuals in the local neighborhoods 
• Identify history of local celebrations and traditions 
• Listen to historical stories 
• Compare daily life in the past and present 
• Identify changes in technology Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Discuss the rights and responsibilities of citizens 

Functions of Government: 

• Explain how governments establish order 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Explain the roles people have in making and changing laws 
• Identify civic virtues that are needed to be a good citizen 
• Identify leaders in the church and government 
• Explain the meaning of national and patriotic symbols in your country 
• Exhibit tolerance and respect for beliefs of others Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Explain cardinal and intermediate directions 
• Identify map symbols 
• Identify on a globe and world map: equator, oceans, islands, North Pole, South Pole, continents, etc. 

Places: 

• Locate the local community on a state/parish/province map 

Climate: 

• Explain how climate and seasons affect the environment and its inhabitants 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Explain use and misuse of natural resources Economics 

Work and Workers: 

• Define the three types of productive resources 
• Identify specialized jobs in the school and community 

Commerce: 

• Describe how people may be both producers and consumers 
• Explain why people trade for goods and services and explain how money makes trade easier 
• Use biblical principles to make decisions about spending 

Stewardship: 

• Describe and illustrate the value of tithing and returning offerings Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Demonstrate cooperation, respect, and honesty 

Society: 

• Understand the responsibilities of individuals 

Culture: 

• Demonstrate respect for all people 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Participate in age appropriate outreach/service projects


 

THIRD GRADE 

History 

Chronological Thinking: 

• Develop an understanding of time 
• Measure calendar time by days, weeks, months, and years 

Historical Knowledge: 

• Identify Native Peoples in the local area 
• Explain how the local community was established and identify founders and early settlers 
• Read Bible and church history stories 
• Explain the history of community traditions Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Explain the importance of good citizenship 
• Identify fundamental democratic principles and ideals in songs, stories, and symbols 
• Show how the Ten Commandments relate to the laws of a country 

Functions of Government: 

• Describe the basic structure of government 
• Describe how laws are made, applied, and enforced 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Exhibit tolerance and respect for individuals with different beliefs 
• Explain the meaning of national and patriotic symbols Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Use a variety of maps 
• Learn important geographical terms 
• Use a compass and recognize the basic directions 

Places: 

• Identify the features of the region in which your community is located 

Climate: 

• Show how climate affects vegetation and animal life in your region 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Identify sources and results of pollution 
• Describe renewable and nonrenewable resources Economics 

Work and Workers: 

• Recognize the role of useful work in personal development and maintaining self-worth 

Commerce: 

• Explain that buyers and sellers interact to determine the prices of goods and services 
• Describe the ways in which local producers use natural, human, and capital resources to produce goods and services 

Stewardship: 

• Describe and illustrate the value of tithing and returning offerings Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Understand the importance of cooperation and sharing 

Society: 

• Understand how God works through people to help make the community a better place 

Culture: 

• Identify local and national holidays and understand the reasons they are celebrated 
• Identify factors that make the local community unique 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Participate in community service or mission projects


 

FOURTH GRADE 

History 

Chronological Thinking: 

• Understand time measurements 
• Identify examples of cause and effect relationships 

Historical Knowledge: 

• Study Native Peoples of each region 
• Identify early explorers 
• Know the impact of early settlers 
• Explore the impact of immigration 
• Identify notable Seventh-day Adventists in the history of each region Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Explain how the first settlers governed their communities 
• Show how the Ten Commandments relate to governmental laws 

Functions of Government: 

• Describe major rights and freedoms of citizens 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Explain the rights and responsibilities of voting 
• Provide examples of civic virtues in a democracy 
• Explain the meaning of national and patriotic symbols Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Demonstrate how to use a map scale and map symbols 
• Use maps, graphs, and charts to identify geographic information 
• Locate and memorize the states/parishes/provinces and their capitals 

Places: 

• Show how latitude is related to climate 
• Learn how land forms affect regions 
• Locate time zones and describe their purpose 

Climate: 

• Explain how latitude, land forms, and ocean currents affect climate 
• Explain the difference between climate and weather 
• Tell how climate and natural features affect growing seasons 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Explain why different natural resources, plants, and animals are found in various regions 
• Discuss ecological concerns 
• Tell how geographic features and the environment affect migration patterns Economics 

Work and Workers: 

• Discuss skills that will enhance employability 

Commerce: 

• List the functions of money and compare and contrast things that have been used as money in the state/parish/province 
• Tell how natural resources from your region are used and how they contribute to the economy of your region 
• Explain that prices change as a result of supply and demand 

Stewardship: 

• Discuss the value of tithing and giving offerings 
• Identify different ways people save their income and explain advantages and disadvantages of each Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Recognize that personal actions and choices affect others 
• Identify ways that social groups influence individual behavior 

Society: 

• Recognize individual responsibilities in caring for one another 
• Respect the right of others to make choices 

Culture: 

• Identify challenges of the different cultural groups throughout the history of the state/parish/province 
• Explore the cultures of the Native Peoples 

Religion: 

• Understand the influence of religious heritage on culture 

Mission/Outreach: 

  • • Develop an understanding of current world missions and participate in community service or mission projects 


 

FIFTH GRADE  

History 

Fifth grade will study the development of the United States as a nation through the ravages of the Civil War. 

The Arrival of Europeans to 1610: 

• Trace the routes of major European explorers 
• Identify the founders and study how the colonies grew 

Colonization and Settlements (1607 to 1763): 

• Explain reasons for the movement of people from Europe to the Americas 
• Describe the impact of exploration and settlement on native Indians 
• Explain the causes, conditions, and consequences, of the French and Indian War 
• Investigate biblical prophesies about the founding of the United States 

The American Revolution (1763 to 1783): 

• Identify the causes of the American Revolution 
• Evaluate contributions of women during the American Revolution 

Making the United States Constitution and Establishing the Federal Republic (1783 to 1800’s): 

• Discuss the United States Constitution 
• Discuss the Bill of Rights 

Westward Expansion and the Civil War (1800 to 1865): 

• Describe the significance of the Louisiana Purchase, and the expedition of Lewis and Clark 
• Explain concept of Manifest Destiny 
• Describe the issues associated with the westward expansion of slavery 
• Understand the War of 1812 

The Civil War Leading to the Reconstruction Period (1850 to 1877): 

• Analyze the causes of events leading to the Civil War 
• Discuss Ellen White’s vision that shows God’s involvement in the outcome of the Civil War Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Explain the Magna Carta as the foundation of the development of the United States Constitution 
• Summarize the principles and purposes of self government in the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States 
• Compare the Constitution to the Ten Commandments  

Functions of Government: 

• Describe various kinds of elections and how they are conducted 
• Describe the three branches of the United States government and their functions

Roles of Citizens: 

• Examine ways by which citizens may effectively voice opinions, monitor government, and bring about change 

Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Demonstrate the understanding of latitude and longitude 
• Demonstrate how maps are used to portray specific information 
• Learn the continents and their locations 
• Recognize the four hemispheres of the Earth 
• Trace the boundaries between the North and the South during the Civil War 

Places: 

• Name and locate major regions, rivers, mountain ranges, drainages, and the continental divides of North America 
• Understand and explain voluntary and involuntary reasons for human migration. 

Climate: 

• Know how the Earth’s position, relative to the sun, affects conditions on earth 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Describe the major ways land was used by Native Indians and colonists in each region and explain how land use has changed and continues to change 
• Describe the abuse of natural resources in the past and how their use has changed to preserve those resources over time 
• Give examples of how physical natural features influenced historical events and movements Economics 

Historic Issues: 

• Understand how economics issues and interests brought about the Revolution 
• Describe purpose, challenges, and economic incentives associated with the westward expansion 

Commerce: 

• Describe how regions were linked economically and how trade affects the way people have their needs and wants met 

Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Identify the qualities that make individuals unique and their place in God’s overall plan 

Society: 

• Identify customs and traditions of the various cultural groups that have contributed to the American way of life 
• Discuss the impact of prejudice on society 

Culture: 

• Recognize the impact of immigration on cultural diversity 

Religion: 

• Understand the importance of religious freedom 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Recognize the church’s efforts to alleviate social problems


 

SIXTH GRADE 

History 

Sixth grade will study World History from ancient times through Early Greek and Roman civilizations. 

Biblical Perspective: 

• Compare and contrast the beginnings of civilization as presented from an evolutionary viewpoint with the beginnings of civilization as presented from a Biblical perspective 

Egyptian Development and Civilizations: 

• Describe the achievements of ancient Egypt

The Rise of the Israelite Nation: 

• Discuss the movements of Hebrew peoples 
• Identify how the beliefs of Judaism set the stage for the birth and life of Christ 

Eastern Asia, Africa and its Civilizations: 

• Explain the importance of early trade routes 
• Describe developments in the Tang and Song Dynasties in China 
• Trace the voyages from Europe that resulted in colonization of parts of Asia and the Southwest Pacific 

Ancient, Classical, and Hellenistic Greece: 

• Study the role of Greece and Medo-Persia as they relate to the biblical image of Daniel 
• Trace the rise of Alexander the Great Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Trace the forms of government in ancient Greece 
• Outline the founding of the Persian Empire 

Functions of Government: 

• Identify principles and practices of democracy in current governments of countries in Africa, Asia, and the Southwest Pacific 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Define and compare, through current events, citizenship and the citizen’s role in selected countries of Africa, Asia, and the Southwest Pacific Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Explain the components and use of maps 
• Locate and label all the world’s continents 

Places: 

• Explain the reasons for the locations of major cities related to natural land forms, waterways, and climate of the eastern hemisphere 

Climate: 

• Identify the climate regions of the eastern hemisphere and explain how water and land forms affect the climate 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Explain how care of natural resources and the environment is a responsibility to both God and country 
Economics 

Historic Issues: 

• Trace the development of agricultural techniques that led to economic surplus and the emergence of cities 

Commerce: 

• Describe how the environment in different countries contributes to the way people make a living Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Recognize the influence of peer relationships in an individual’s choices and interests 
• Understand how one’s values and attitudes influence our choices 

Society: 

• Identify how various groups grow to form and affect a society 

Culture: 

• Understand that cultures change through technology and migration of people 

Religion: 

• Compare the basic beliefs of the Seventh-day Adventist Church to eastern religions and philosophies 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Examine Seventh-day Adventist global outreach


 

SEVENTH GRADE 

History 

Seventh grade will study World History from the establishment of the Byzantine Empire through modern times. 

From Political Power to Religious World Power: 

• Trace the rise and fall of Rome as a religious power, and its relationship to the beginning of the Dark Ages 
• Describe ideas of major figures during the Reformation 

The Crusades, Europe, and the Era of Exploration: 

• Describe the feudal system 
• Explain how Black Death led to the decline of medieval monarchies 
• Examine trading cities, such as Florence and Venice The Americas: 
• Study the Aztec and the Inca 
• Study Spanish colonies in Mexico and South America and French and British colonies in Canada Origins and Accomplishments of the Renaissance and Reformation: 
• Describe the way in which the revival of classical learning and the arts fostered a new interest in humanism 
• Describe the growth and effects of new ways of distributing information 
• Identify the major translators of the Bible Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

• Discuss how the Magna Carta embodied in such documents as the English Bill of Rights and the American Declaration of Independence 

Functions of Government: 

• Compare and contrast different forms of government 
• Compare the parliamentary democracies of Europe, Bermuda, Canada, and Latin America with the United States 

Roles of Citizens: 

• Compare and contrast citizenship and roles of citizens in selected nation-states of Europe, Bermuda, Canada, Latin America, and the United States Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

• Memorize the seven continents  
• Use longitude, latitude, map scales, the compass rose, and the grid system to find specific locations on a map 

Places: 

• Name and locate major regions in the western hemisphere 

Climate: 

• Explain the reasons climate affects the way people in the western hemisphere live 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

• Describe the impact of science and technology on natural resources, and the environment 
• Describe the Christian’s responsibility for the environment Economics 

Historic Issues: 

• Identify Marco Polo and understand the economic effects of the reopening of the ancient “Silk Road” between China and Europe 

Commerce: 

• Evaluate the domestic and international impact of various economic agreements such as NAFTA and   the European Union Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

• Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
• Understand that an individual’s behavior is affected by heredity and environment

Society: 

• Study how responsible citizens impact society 

Culture: 

• Describe the influence of western culture on scientific/technological choices and advancement 
• Understand how cultural diversity benefits society 

Religion: 

• Understand that most cultures are shaped by religious beliefs 

Mission/Outreach: 

• Participate in community or mission outreach/service projects 


 

EIGHTH GRADE 

History 

Eighth Grade will begin with a synopsis of U.S. History up to the Reconstruction after the Civil 

War, and pick up with the Reconstruction and the Industrial Revolution. 

Biblical and Seventh-day Adventist Perspectives: 

  • Identify how God has ultimate control and discuss the way He has led in the past 
  • Teach how the history of the Adventist church is threaded throughout modern U.S. history 
  • Trace the Millerite movement and the Great Disappointment 
  • Study Joseph Bates and the spread of Sabbath keeping 
  • Discuss the aftermath of the Great Disappointment 

Reconstruction Era (1865-1877): 

  • Discuss attempts made to improve the lives of African Americans during the Reconstruction era 

Development of the Industrial United States (1865 to the early 1900’s): 

  • Identify the major inventors during the time of the Industrial Revolution  
  • Describe the growth and development of the transportation industry 
  • Show how industrial growth caused people to migrate from rural to urban areas 

Causes and Effects of the United States emerging as a World Power (1880-1917): 

  • Study the causes and effects of the Spanish-American War 
  • Discuss the open-door policy in China and how it impacted the United States 
  • Describe the development of the Panama Canal 
  • Study the Great White Fleet, and the U.S. as a World Police 

The Progressive Era (1890-1920): 

  • Study the 17th, 18th, and 19th Amendments 

Global Conflict Impacts the United States as a Nation (WWI 1914-1920): 

  •  Explore the events and reasoning that brought the United Sates to WWI 
  •  Trace the major events of WWI 
  •  Explore the new technology of war used during WWI 
  •  Explain the Treaty of Versailles 
  •  Describe the Great Migration of 1920 

Prosperity and the Great Depression (1919-1930): 

  • Discuss the roaring 20’s and prohibition 
  • Study the crash of the stock market and the resulting Great Depression WWII and Recovery (1931-1945): 
  • Study the rise of dictators in Europe and Asia that led to WWII 
  • Discuss the bombing of Pearl Harbor 
  • Trace the major events of WWII 
  • Study how atomic weapons were used to end the war 
  • Explore how Soviet-American tensions shaped the cold war 
  • Discuss the United States attempt to contain communism both at home and abroad Modern America (1950-Present): 
  • Explore the civil rights movement 
  • Discuss the age of flight 
  • Discuss the general political philosophies of the presidents from Nixon to the current administration

Civics and Government 

Foundations of Government: 

  • Explain the relationship between rights and responsibilities of citizens 
  • Identify how a person becomes a citizen of the United States 
  • Evaluate the policies, practices, and consequences of Reconstruction, including the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments 

Functions of Government: 

  • Describe the responsibilities of the United States government to its citizens 

Roles of Citizens: 

  • Describe various types of elections and explain ways that citizens can participate in political parties, campaigns, and elections 

Geography 

Maps, Globes, and Graphics: 

  • Learn to read topographic maps and interpret their symbols 
  • Describe how physical features influence industrialization, urbanization, and population density in a nation 

Places: 

  • Explain how geography impacts international relationships 

Climate: 

  • Identify how climate affected different events in history 

Natural Resources and Environment: 

  • Study the climatic changes brought about by the greenhouse effect, acid rain, air and water pollution, and depletion of the ozone layer 
  • Identify on maps the distribution of natural resources 

Economics 

Historic Issues: 

  • Explain how government programs have encouraged business expansion 
  • Discuss child labor, working conditions, and laissez-faire policies toward big business and examine the labor movement 
  • Evaluate how the characteristics of a market economy have affected the economic development of the United States  

Commerce: 

  • Use charts, graphs, tables, and diagrams to compare growth in national product, imports, exports, population growth, etc. 

Individuals, Society, and Culture 

Individual: 

  • Understand the importance of developing a personal relationship with Christ 
  • Understand that God’s plan for the individual is to engage in service to others 

Society: 

  • Understand how the daily life of Americans has changed as a result of the Industrial Revolution 
  • Describe how the Great Depression affected American society 
  • Discuss the changing roles of women during WWI and WWII 

Culture: 

  • Compare the adaptations of different immigrant groups in the United States/Bermuda/Canada 
  • Identify solutions to problems that arise when scientific advancements and social norms or values come into conflict 

Religion: 

  • Show how religious leaders and the spiritual awakening affect reforms from the 19th century to the present 

Mission/Outreach: 

  • Identify ways that Seventh-day Adventist organizations work to improve life in communities