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SCIENCE
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KEY LEARNINGS:  SCIENCE 


 

KINDERGARTEN 

Life: Worms, Insects, Spiders
• Recognize characteristics that are similar and different between organisms 
• Describe the basic needs of living things 
• Describe how related animals have similar characteristics 
• Identify how animals gather and store food, defend themselves, find shelter and adapt 
• Understand the beneficial effects of earthworms 
• Explain how insects are both harmful and helpful 
• Know the dangers of poisonous spiders 
Health: Home/School Safety 
• Identify common hazards and practice safety rules 
• Demonstrate appropriate work and play behaviors  
Physical: Simple Measurement, Observation, Light/Colors 
• Perform simple comparative measurements 
• Describe objects according to their physical properties e.g. color, texture, size 
• Describe various sources of light 
• Identify sunlight as a composite of all colors 
• Identify primary colors 
• Describe the composition of secondary colors 
• Identify the fixed order of color as found in a rainbow 
Earth: Air, Land, Water, Ecology, Seasons 
• Describe air as a substance that takes up space and moves around us 
• Recognize that the Earth is made up of land, water and the gases of the atmosphere   
• Recognize and describe appropriate ways to care for our Earth 
• Identify God’s role in the creation of the Universe 
• Understand how Earth’s position in relation to the sun accounts for days, seasons and years 
• Identify seasonal changes in weather patterns   
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment    
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 
 

FIRST GRADE 

Life: Living Things 
• Describe the life cycle of animals 
• Describe characteristics of amphibians, reptiles, birds and fish 
• Describe traits common to all animals 
Health: Mental, Emotional, and Family Health  
• Identify important personal values 
• Understand the importance of making appropriate decisions based on personal values 
• Understand that God’s love is unconditional 
• Identify emotions and share feelings in appropriate ways 
• Use habits and practices that affect family health 
• Explain God’s plan for family units 
Physical: Heat, Energy/Waves, Sound, Light 
• Define heat and how it affects matter 
• Define conduction and convection 
• Define energy and a wave 
• Describe the features of waves 
• Explain how sound is produced 
• Analyze how sound travels  
• Identify the speed of light 
• Explain how light absorption affects the color of objects 
• Explain how a laser works 
• Describe how a sound wave is different from a light wave 
Earth:  Meteorology (Weather Elements, Climate, Seasons, Atmosphere, Water Cycle) 
• Define meteorology, basic weather symbols and instruments 
• Identify elements of weather  
• Explain how land forms and large bodies of water affect climate 
• Explain the change of seasons  
• Describe the water cycle including precipitation, condensation, and cloud formation 
• Show examples of the earth’s atmosphere 
• Understand God as the Creator and Sustainer of the Universe 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment 
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Life, Health, Physical and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

SECOND GRADE      

Life: Human Body  
• Describe the basic needs of living things 
• Understand the function of the five senses 
• Recognize the organization of the body’s systems and organs     
Health: Human Body (Digestion, Excretory), Nutrition, Safety/First Aid 
• Identify the organs of the digestive system and the digestion process 
• Explain the importance of the excretory system 
• Describe healthy dietary guidelines 
• Categorize foods in the Food Pyramid 
• Explain how the body utilizes nutrients 
• Explain how proper nutrition is related to good health 
• Identify appropriate first-aid procedures for minor injuries and emergencies 
• Identify appropriate safety procedures to prepare and respond to disasters 
• Identify safe practices at home, school, and play                                                                             
Physical: Magnetism, Electricity 
• Describe properties and force of magnets 
• Define electricity and electrical fields 
• Identify the basic nature of current and static electricity 
Earth: Geology 
• Describe the surface features of the earth 
• Identify evidences of the flood 
• Explain how earthquakes are caused 
• Explain how volcanoes form 
• Distinguish between rocks and minerals 
• Define erosion 
• Describe soil pollution 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment    
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

THIRD GRADE  

Life: Animals, Arthropods, Arachnids, Genetics 
• Describe the basic needs of living things 
• Describe the life cycle of animals 
• Identify factors that all animals need to survive 
• Explain food chains and food webs and identify producers and consumers in an ecosystem 
• Classify organisms according to characteristics that are similar and different   
• Identify inherited traits and diseases 
Health: Drugs, Health Principles, Biblical Principles, Natural Laws, Human Sexuality 
• Understand drug abuse is harmful to health 
• Identify healthful and harmful drugs and their affects 
• Understand the proper use and value of medicines 
• Understand that God has provided guidelines (natural laws) to keep us healthy 
• Exhibit life style choices consistent with Biblical principles                                                                                   
Physical: Force, Friction/Gravity/Inertia, Motion 
• Define force and friction and explain how they affect movement 
• Define gravity and describe how it affects matter 
• Compare the gravitational attraction of objects of varying mass 
• Define inertia and describe its effects 
• Describe how forces affect the motion of objects 
Earth: Origin of the Universe, Astronomy, Solar System 
• Identify God’s role in the creation of the universe 
• Understand the purpose of God’s law and order in the universe 
• Define astronomy 
• Describe the space program 
• Identify the members of the Solar System 
• Describe the sun’s affect on planet earth 
• Describe the moon’s phases 
• Define asteroids, meteors, comets, and constellations 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment  
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

FOURTH GRADE        

Life: Plants 
• Group and classify plants based on common characteristics 
• Identify conditions necessary for plant survival and growth 
• Describe the steps of photosynthesis and sequence them 
• Describe the life cycle of a plant including the process of pollination 
• Describe basic plant structures and systems identifying their functions e.g. seed, root, stem, leaf 
• Understand ecosystems and communities and how plants adapt to survive   
Health: Consumer Health, Community Health, Disease 
• Explain how personal habits affect health 
• Develop an awareness of physical and mentally challenged persons 
• Identify sources of diseases and how they may be prevented  
• Identify important community health care workers and resources                                                                         
Physical: Chemistry Matter, Atomic Structure, Energy/Work 
• Understand matter classification by properties 
• Identify and compare physical and chemical change 
• Explain the structure of atoms and how they are the building blocks of matter  
• Identify chemistry mixtures and compounds 
• Define potential and kinetic energy 
• Define and understand simple and compound machines 
Earth: Creation/Evolution, Geology, Ecology 
• Explain why the story of the flood is important to creation 
• Define fossil 
• Identify fossil fuels formed at the time of the flood 
• Identify examples of common dinosaurs 
• Understand the importance of fossils in interpreting Earth’s history 
• Define habitat, biomes, and environment 
• Describe a food chain 
• Identify and describe characteristics of animal communities 
• Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources 
• Identify resources found in various environments 
• Identify Earth’s basic natural resources found and the wise use of these resources  
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment 
Service and Career Options
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 
   
 

FIFTH GRADE     

Life: Living Things 
• Describe, explain and compare the structure and function of cells 
• Identify the characteristics of living things and non-living things 
• Use the standard classification system to group animals based on their characteristics  
• Identify features of fish that distinguish them from other classes of animals 
• Identify the main characteristics of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals and how these 
 characteristics affect the behavior and function of the animal 
• Compare the different behaviors of animals e.g., innate, learned, cyclic, social 
Health: Personal Mental Health, Interpersonal Human Health, Human Sexuality 
• Describe how personality, relationships and self-concept affect mental and emotional health   
• Define stress including its positive and negative aspects and how stress relates to decision 
 making 
• Identify factors that influence how friends are chosen and the impact of friends on peer pressure 
• Know ways to seek assistance if worried, abused or threatened  
• Explain human reproduction and development  
• Identify the physical, emotional, intellectual and social changes that occur at puberty 
• Describe God’s plan for human sexual behavior                                                                                           
Physical: Heat, Energy Waves, Sound, Light 
• Describe the relationship between heat and the kinetic theory of matter 
• Identify, describe, and compare different types of wave energy including electromagnetic and 
mechanical 
• Describe the organization of the electromagnetic spectrum and the uses/applications of each type 
of electromagnetic wave 
• Compare electromagnetic (heat, light, radio) waves and mechanical (sound, water) waves 
• Explore characteristics of heat, sound and light (including color) 
• Compare the function of simple optical devices 
Earth: Meteorology, Oceanography 
• Define meteorology, and the purpose of various weather instruments 
• Describe how clouds are formed 
• Identify characteristics of different storms 
• Distinguish between climate and weather and identify factors that affect climate 
• Describe Earth’s atmospheric layers and the “greenhouse” effect 
• Explain air pressure and local/global winds, how they are measured and their effects on weather 
• Explain the water cycle and its relationship to weather and climatic patterns 
• Describe the physical structures of and ecosystems present in the ocean 
• Explain currents, tides, ocean waves and ocean water composition 
• Identify resources available from the sea and how humans affect the ocean ecology  
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment 
Service/Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

SIXTH GRADE    

Life: Cells, Human Body  
• Describe and explain the structure and functions of the human body in terms of cells, tissues and 
organs 
• Identify and describe the development and function of the cell and its parts 
• Identify common characteristics of cells 
• Explain the function of the nucleus 
• Distinguish between chromosomes, genes, DNA, and their structure 
• Identify the major skeletal, muscular, and integumentary systems 
• Identify the parts and function of the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems 
• Describe differences among atoms, elements, molecules, and compounds 
• Understand the function of the five senses 
Health: Human Body (Digestion, Excretory), Nutrition, Safety/First Aid, Natural Disasters 
• Identify and describe the parts of the digestive system 
• Identify and explain the importance of the excretory system 
• Identify and describe the importance of basic nutrients 
• Explain healthy eating practices based on the national food pyramid 
• Identify nutritional goals based on national dietary guidelines 
• Define eating disorders and explain how they adversely affect health 
• Explain the appropriate first aid procedures to follow in case of emergencies 
• Identify common safety hazards and ways to prevent injuries/accidents 
• Identify safety procedures for common natural disasters                                                                                  
Physical: Magnetism, Electricity
• Identify characteristics of magnets and what causes magnetism 
• Describe the relationship between electricity and magnetism 
• Identify uses of electromagnets  
• Compare and describe static and current electricity 
• Identify the difference between conductors and insulators. 
• Describe electrical safety precautions, conservation procedures, and simple electrical 
transformation devices 
• Identify and explain types of circuits, batteries, and simple electronic devices 
Earth: Geology 
• Describe Earth’s structure and features 
• Explain how Earth has changed over time e.g. erosion, weathering, earthquakes 
• Explore and interpret evidences for the Genesis Flood and the Ice Age  
• Describe how earthquakes are caused, volcanoes are formed, and land features created through 
the use of plate tectonics 
• Describe the processes by which rocks and soils are formed and their relation to the rock cycle 
• Identify common rocks and minerals 
• Identify and describe features of erosion and weathering 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment   
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

SEVENTH GRADE        

Life: Simple Animals, Arthropods, Monerans, Protista, Fungi, Viruses, Genetics 
• Distinguish between vertebrates and invertebrates 
• Identify characteristics and structures of sponges and cnidarians, worms, mollusks, echinoderms, 
crustaceans, proticsts, fungi and viruses 
• Describe the main groups of bacteria 
• Explain how bacteria reproduce and conditions that influence bacterial growth 
• Describe how the bodies immune system reacts to viruses and bacteria 
• Explain the importance of the nucleus 
• Explain genetic engineering 
• Explain the difference between heredity and genetics 
Health: Drugs, Human Sexuality 
• Define and identify helpful and harmful drugs 
• Explain the physical and emotional consequences of drug use 
• Describe the steps in decision making, how values develop, and how these apply to healthy 
choices 
• Explain the physical, emotional, intellectual, and social changes occurring at puberty 
• Describe God’s plan for human sexual relationships 
• Explain the adverse physical, emotional, and economic consequences of premarital sex and 
ways to support a decision for abstinence                       
Physical: Force/Motion, Energy/ Work 
• Describe and compare types of force and friction 
• Define and apply understanding of gravity, mass and weight 
• Define and describe elastic/nuclear forces and electrical/magnetic force 
• Explain and describe types of friction 
• Describe Newton’s laws of motion 
• Define and use correctly the terms of motion (velocity, speed, acceleration, momentum, etc.) 
Earth: Origin of the Universe, Astronomy 
• Compare the Biblical account of creation with the big-bang theory 
• Explain how the study of astronomy supports the concept of a Creator 
• Describe the major accomplishments in the U.S. space program 
• Know how the Earth’s position, relative to the sun, affects conditions on earth  
• Describe the life cycle and classification of stars and the instruments for study  
• Compare and contrast the main types of galaxies 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment   
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science 

 

EIGHTH GRADE        

Life: Plants 
• Compare types of plant kingdom divisions in their structure and function 
• Describe photosynthesis, cell respiration, transportation, and transpiration 
• Describe plant reproduction
• Describe types of plant tropisms and how plants adapt to their environment 
Health: Consumer Health, Community Health, Teen Health Risks, Diseases 
• Know how to locate and use community health resources that provide valid health information  
• Identify community health organizations and agencies such as The American Cancer Society and 
the advocacy services they provide   
• Identify major risks to teen health and how these risks may be reduced 
• Describe how life style pathogens, family history, and other risk factors are related to the cause or 
prevention of disease 
• Identify the structure and function of bacteria and viruses; explain how they transmit diseases 
• Describe personal and community health care practices that result in prevention, detection and 
treatment of communicable diseases  
• Explain how the immune system protects the body from disease                                                                               
Physical: Chemistry, Energy Forms, Work and Machines 
• Identify characteristics of a simple physical and chemical changes 
• Describe the relationship between atoms, elements, molecules, ions, and isotopes 
• Identify symbols of common elements and describe how they are organized on the periodic table  
• Distinguish between compounds, mixtures, and types of mixtures 
• Explain a chemical reaction and chemical bonds 
• Identify the make-up of the three types of radiation 
• Describe how nuclear fission and fusion are produced and their associated dangers and benefits 
• Compare the properties of acids and bases 
• Explain how energy can change from one form to another 
• Describe the relationship between simple and compound machines 
• Explain the operation of a simple mechanical device and its relation to work and power 
Earth: Creation, Evolution, Earth’s Age, Fossil Record, Ecology 
• Distinguish between the basic ideas of and evidence for naturalistic evolution and special creation 
• Identify several theories of origins and their basic assumptions 
• Explain why “The Story of the Flood” is important to creation 
• Describe Darwin’s basic idea and assumptions of naturalistic evolution 
• Describe the three views on the age of the earth 
• Compare the naturalistic interpretation of fossils with that of creationist interpretation 
• Analyze the impacts of human activity on the ecosystems of the earth 
• Identify ways in which organisms react to changing environments 
• Describe methods of conserving natural resources 
• Identify factors that cause species to become endangered or extinct 
Scientific Inquiry:  May be included in each unit of study 
• Make observations  
• Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations 
• Plan a simple investigation 
• Collect data from the investigation 
• Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results 
• Safely use and store tools and equipment    
Service and Career Options 
• Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health and/or Earth Science to serve the community 
• Identify careers in areas of science