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Physical Education
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KEY LEARNINGS:  PHYSICAL EDUCATION
 

KINDERGARTEN 

Spiritual Emphasis 
• Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a healthy lifestyle 
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health:  nutrition, exercise, water, 
sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God 
• Avoid at-risk behaviors 
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports 
• Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities 
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social wellbeing 

Movement and Motor Skills 
• Demonstrate progress toward the mature form of selected manipulative, locomotor and nonlocomotor skills 
• Demonstrate mature form in walking and running 
• Identify fundamental movement patterns (skip, strike) 
• Establish a beginning movement vocabulary, e.g. personal space, high/low levels, fast/slow 
speeds, light/heavy weight, balance, twist 
• Apply appropriate concepts to performance, e.g. change direction while running 

Lifestyle and Fitness 
• Participate daily in moderate to vigorous physical activity 
• Select and participate in activities that require some physical exertion during free time 
• Identify likes and dislikes connected with participation in physical activity 
• Sustain moderate to vigorous physical activity in accordance with an approved fitness test 
• Identify the physiological signs of moderate physical activity, e.g. fast heart rate, heavy breathing 
• Understand the value of engaging in physical activities as play and recreation 
• Associate positive feelings with participation in physical activity and play 
• Try new movement activities and skills 

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors 
• Learn and apply concepts of grace and forgiveness 
• Apply, with teacher reinforcement, class room rules and procedures and safe practices 
• Share space and equipment with others 
• Recognize the joy of shared play 
• Interact positively with students in class regardless of personal differences e.g. race, gender, 
disability, religion 

 

FIRST AND SECOND GRADE 

Spiritual Emphasis 
• Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a healthy lifestyle 
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health:  nutrition, exercise, water, 
sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God 
• Avoid at-risk behaviors 
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports 
• Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities 
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social wellbeing 

Movement and Motor Skills 
• Demonstrate mature form in skipping, hopping, galloping and sliding 
• Demonstrate mature motor patterns in simple combinations, e.g. dribbling a ball while running 
• Demonstrate smooth transitions between sequential motor skills, e.g. running into a jump 
• Exhibit the ability to adapt and adjust movement skills to uncomplicated, yet changing, 
environmental conditions and expectations, e.g. tossing a ball to a moving partner, rising and 
sinking while twisting, using different rhythms 
• Demonstrate control in traveling activities (e.g. skipping, hopping, running) and weight bearing 
and balance activities on a variety of body parts 
• Identify the critical element/s (technique/s) of basic movement patterns 
• Apply movement concepts to a variety of basic skills 
• Use feedback to improve performance 
 Lifestyle and Fitness 
• Experience and express pleasure from participation in physical activity 
• Identify at least one activity associated with each component of health-related physical activity, 
e.g. flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular strength, cardio-vascular endurance and body 
composition 
• Engage in sustained physical activity that causes an increased heart rate and heavy breathing 
• Recognize the physiological indicators that accompany moderate to vigorous physical activity, 
e.g. sweating, increased heart rate, heavy breathing 
• Know how to measure heart rate 
• Identify the components of health-related physical fitness 
• Gain competence which will provide increased enjoyment in movement 
• Try new activities 
• Express feelings about and during physical activity 
• Enjoy interaction with friends through physical activity 

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors 
• Apply rules, procedures and safe practices with little or no reinforcement 
• Follow directions 
• Work cooperatively with others to complete an assigned task 
• Play and cooperate with others regardless of personal differences, e.g. gender, ethnicity, 
disability 
• Treat others with respect during play 
• Resolve conflicts in socially acceptable ways 
• Practice Christ-like principles in interactions with others 

 

THIRD AND FOURTH GRADE 

Spiritual Emphasis 
• Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a healthy lifestyle 
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health:  nutrition, exercise, water, 
sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God 
• Avoid at-risk behaviors 
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports 
• Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities 
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social wellbeing 

Movement and Motor Skills 
• Demonstrate mature form in all locomotor patterns and selected manipulative and non-locomotor 
skills 
• Adapt a skill to the demands of a dynamic, unpredictable environment 
• Acquire beginning skills of a few specialized movement forms 
• Combine movement skills in applied settings 
• Apply critical elements to improve personal performance in fundamental and selected specialized 
motor skills 
• Use critical elements of fundamental and specialized movement skills to provide feedback to 
others 
• Recognize and apply concepts that impact the quality of increasingly complex movement 
performance 

Lifestyle and Fitness 
• Select and participate regularly in physical activities for the purpose of improving skill and health 
• Identify the benefits derived from regular physical activity 
• Identify several moderate to vigorous physical activities that provide personal pleasure 
• Identify several activities related to each component of physical fitness 
• Associate results of fitness testing to personal health status and ability to perform various 
activities 
• Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a fitness testing program 
• Experience enjoyment while participating in physical activity 
• Enjoy practicing activities to increase skill competence 
• Interact with friends while participating in group activities 
• Use physical activity as a means of self-expression 

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors 
• Follow, with few reminders, activity-specific rules, procedures and etiquette 
• Utilize safety principles in activity situations 
• Work cooperatively and productively with a partner or small group 
• Work independently and on-task for a specified period of time 
• Explore cultural/ethnic self-awareness through participation in physical activity 
• Recognize the attributes that individuals with difference can bring to group activities 
• Experience differences and similarities among people of different backgrounds by participating in 
activities of national, cultural and ethnic origins 

 

FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE 

Spiritual Emphasis 
• Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a healthy lifestyle 
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health:  nutrition, exercise, water, 
sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God 
• Avoid at-risk behaviors 
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports 
• Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities 
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social wellbeing 

Movement and Motor Skills 
• Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulative, locomotor and non-locomotor skills 
• Demonstrate increasing competence in more advanced specialized skills 
• Adapt and combine skills to the demands of increasingly complex situations of selected 
movement forms 
• Demonstrate beginning strategies for net and invasion games 
• Apply previously learned knowledge, or use instruction to improve performance 
• Apply information from a variety of internal and external sources to improve performance 
• Identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance 
• Recognize sport specific movement patterns that can be applied to games, e.g. similarity of the 
ready position in striking movement forms 
• Understand terms that describe basic movement 
• Use basic offensive and defensive strategies in non-complex settings 

Lifestyle and Fitness 
• Identify opportunities in the school and community for regular participation in physical activity 
• Participate daily in some form of health-enhancing physical activity 
• Discover personal interests and capabilities in regard to one’s exercise behavior 
• Identify the critical aspects of a healthy lifestyle 
• Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity in a variety of settings 
• Monitor intensity of exercise 
• Understand the reason for proper cool-down and warm-up techniques 
• Begin to develop a strategy for the improvement of selected fitness components 
• Work somewhat independently with minimal supervision in pursuit of personal fitness goals 
• Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a standard physical fitness test, e.g. 

AAHPERD Physical Best, Fitnessgram, President’s Challenge 
• Recognize physical activity as a positive opportunity for social and group interaction 
• Experience enjoyment from participation in physical activities 
• Use physical activity to express feelings and relieve stress 
• Seek personally challenging experiences in physically active opportunities 

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors 
• Participate in establishing rules, procedures and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific 
activity situations 
• Work cooperatively and productively in a group to accomplish a set goal in cooperative and 
competitive activities 
• Make conscious Christ-like decisions about applying rules, procedures and etiquette 
• Utilize time effectively to complete assigned tasks 
• Acknowledge differences in the behaviors of people of different gender, culture, ethnicity, 
development and disability by learning more about both similarities and differences 
• Cooperate with disabled peers and those of different gender, race, ethnicity and religion 
• Work cooperatively with both more and less skilled peers 

 

SEVENTH AND EIGHTH GRADE 

Spiritual Emphasis 
• Recognize that God’s ideal for quality living includes a healthy lifestyle 
• Incorporate into one’s lifestyle the principles that promote health: nutrition, exercise, water, 
sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God 
• Avoid at-risk behaviors 
• Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports 
• Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities 
• Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social wellbeing 

Movement and Motor Skills 
• Demonstrate competence in modified versions of a variety of movement forms 
• Understand and apply more advanced movement and game strategies 
• Identify the techniques of intermediate and advanced sport specific skills 
• Identify the steps needed to achieve a high performance level in individual, dual and team sports 
• Learn, apply and share advanced sport skill knowledge 

Lifestyle and Fitness 
• Establish personal physical activity goals 
• Participate regularly in health-enhancing physical activities in and out of the physical education 
class 
• Explore a variety of new physical activities for personal interest in and out of the physical 
education class 
• Describe the relationships between a healthy lifestyle and “feeling good” 
• Participate in a variety of health-related fitness activities in both school and non-school settings 
• Assess physiological indicators of exercise during and after physical activity 
• Learn and apply basic principles of training to improve physical fitness 
• Begin to develop personal fitness goals independently 
• Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by available fitness tests, e.g. AAPHERD 

Physical Best, Fitnessgram, President’s Challenge 
• Enjoy participation in physical activity 
• Recognize the social benefits of participation in physical activity 
• Try new and challenging activities 
• Recognize physical activity as a vehicle for self-expression 

Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors 
• Apply God’s help in resisting the influence of peer pressure 
• Solve problems by analyzing causes and potential solutions 
• Analyze potential consequences when confronted with true competition 
• Work cooperatively with a group to achieve group goals in competitive as well as cooperative 
settings 
• Recognize the role of sport, games and recreation 
• Identify behaviors that are supportive and inclusive as well as behaviors that are exclusionary in 
physical activity settings 
• Willingly join others of diverse cultures, religions, ethnicity, physical abilities and races during 
physical activity