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Language Art Class
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KEY LEARNINGS:  LANGUAGE ARTS 
 
Based on Pathways Scope and Sequence and Assessed Target Skills
 

FIRST GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Meet teacher/student set goals for reading at home and school 
• Understand concept of print: front/back, top/bottom, left/right, word, title, different punctuations 
• Recognize and read grade appropriate sight words 
• Read silently for pleasure 
• Recognize and write first and last names 
• Meet teacher/student set goals for writing
• Print from left to right 
• Correctly form numbers 0-9 
• Write legibly in manuscript with proper form and size 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Sequence events 
• Generate titles for writing 
• Write stories based on predictable text 
• Retell or take notes using story structure 
• Analyze and compare characters and issues 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
Reference Skills 
• Alphabetize words by first letter 
Word Study 
• Recognize rhyming words 
• Write upper and lower case letters 
• Recognize alphabet sequence 
• Hear, read, and write words with initial sounds 
• Hear, read, and write words with diagraphs 
• Recognize sound-letter associations 
• Recognize and read CVC words 
• Read and spell short vowel words 
• Read, spell and write words with silent e 
• Read, spell and understand base words with inflectional endings: -ed, -ing, silent e based words, 
CVC base words 
• Read and write plurals: -s and –es 
• Divide words into syllables 
Sentence Skills
• Edit for ending: periods, question marks 
• Edit for capitalization: beginning of sentences, names, I 
• Edit for subject-verb agreement 
• Edit for possessives 
 
 

SECOND GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Meet teacher/student set goals for reading at home and school 
• Recognize and read grade appropriate sight words 
• Read silently for pleasure 
• Read with expression, speed, and accuracy  
• Meet teacher/student set goals for writing 
• Write using proper spacing, including margins 
• Write legibly in manuscript with proper form and size 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Retell or take notes on narratives using story structure 
• Retell or take notes on narratives using story plans 
• Analyze and compare similarities and differences  
• Analyze and compare characters, themes, and issues  
• Analyze main ideas through concept maps 
• Develop two-column notes and charts 
• Evaluate opinions and issues 
• Develop number outlines with topics and details 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Write questions for discussion about content and literature  
• Develop QARs 
• Sequence events  
• Develop number notes with topics and details 1-2-2-2 
Reference Skills 
• Alphabetize words according to the first, second and third letters  
Word Study 
• Blend CVC words with short a 
• Blend CVC words with short e 
• Read and write words with short vowels 
• Read and write words containing long vowels  
• Use word analysis skills and context to identify unfamiliar words 
• Read and write words with r-controlled vowels 
• Read and write words with consonant diagraphs  
• Read and write words with consonant + le ending 
• Read and write words with final y 
• Read and write words containing vowel combinations 
• Read and write inflectional endings on verbs and contractions 
• Use comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs 
• Read and write words with prefixes and suffixes 
• Identify synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms    
Sentence Skills
• Identify nouns 
• Identify pronouns  
• Identify verbs  
• Edit for capitalization 
• Edit for punctuation 
• Write complete sentences 

 

THIRD GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Recognize and read grade appropriate sight words 
• Read silently for pleasure 
• Write an autobiography 
• Write for the purpose of thanking 
• Write descriptions and personal experiences in sequence 
• Write stories and picture stories 
• Write poetry 
• Write for the purpose of researching 
• Write a newspaper article 
• Write to express opinion 
• Use the writing process  
• Write plays 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Develop two-column notes and charts 
• Use number notes, concept maps, and visual media 
• Use picture clues to: read a story, predict unknown words, understand content and gain meaning 
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases 
• Develop level-appropriate vocabulary through the use of context clues and resource materials 
• Develop main idea outlines using number notes with topics and details 
• Write summaries 
• Analyze, compare, and contrast character traits 
• Analyze main ideas using concept maps 
• Distinguish between fact and opinion 
• Assess by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Write questions for discussion about content of literature and visual media 
• Develop main idea outlines 
• Create visual media to differentiate real and imaginary information 
• Analyze main ideas of visual media 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Underline selectively 
• Understand bias in media messages and products 
• Identify and describe specific thoughts and feelings from visual media  
• Analyze author’s craft 
• Sequence events through pictures, notes, timelines, charts and paragraphs 
Reference Skills 
• Use library references 
• Alphabetize by second letter and beyond 
• Use a dictionary  
Word Study 
• Read words with short vowel patterns and high frequency words 
• Read and write words with silent e 
• Read and write two-syllable words 
• Divide words into syllables 
• Read, spell, write words with hard and soft c and g 
• Write one and two-syllable words with ai, ay, ee and ea 
• Recognize the use of repeated sounds in literature 
• Decode and write words containing dipthongs 
• Read, spell, and write verb endings 
• Identify, choose, and write the correct forms of the verb be with and without helping verbs 
• Form contractions using not 
• Use a, an, and the correctly 
• Read and spell words with r-controlled vowel patterns 
• Read, spell, and write antonyms, synonyms, and homophones 
Sentence Skills
• Understand word and sentence order 
• Indent paragraphs 
• Edit for capitalization 
• Edit for punctuation 
• Edit for commas in dates, series, greetings and closings of a letter 
• Use abbreviations 
• Identify and use parts of speech 
• Identify and use adverbs  
• Identify and use verbs  
• Recognize and edit correct verb tenses 
• Identify and use pronouns  
• Understand common and proper nouns 
• Edit for usage 
• Identify different kinds of sentences 
• Write clear, concise, correct, varied, and complete sentences 
• Use new vocabulary in concept maps, sentences, and discussions 

 

FOURTH GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Recognize and read grade appropriate sight words 
• Read silently for pleasure
• Use the writing process
• Write poetry
• Write descriptions and personal experiences in sequence
• Write to express opinion
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Sequence events through timelines 
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Order events sequentially 
• Analyze and compare characters 
• Scan text to discover content 
• Analyze main ideas using concept maps 
• Develop main idea outlines using number notes with topics and details 
• Develop two-column notes and charts 
• Practice test-taking strategies 
• Write summaries 
• Analyze, compare, and contrast characters, plot, theme, setting, and issues through maps, notes, 
charts, diagrams 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Ask questions for discussion about content of literature 
• Write questions for discussion about content of literature and visual media 
• Retell or take notes on narratives using story plans 
Reference Skills 
• Use library references  
Word Study 
• Decode long i words   
• Use new vocabulary 
• Read, write, and spell plurals 
• Identify and use adverbs 
Sentence Skills
• Recognize fragments and run-on sentences 
• Identify and use nouns 
• Underline or italicize for titles 
• Use commas after introductory words 
• Write clear, concise, correct, varied and complete sentences 
• Use new vocabulary in concept maps, sentences, and discussion 
• Recognize and edit correct verb tenses 
• Identify and use adverbs 
• Edit for usage 
• Identify and use pronouns 
• Identify and use prepositions 
• Recognize and use prepositional phrases 

 

FIFTH GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Read to obtain information 
• Use decoding and context to read 
• Use the writing process  
• Write expository papers 
• Edit spelling, grammar, and punctuation 
• Recognize and read grade-appropriate sight words 
• Write a picture book 
• Write for various purposes and audiences 
• Write using story elements 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Retell or take notes on narratives using story plans 
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases 
• Develop two-column notes and charts  
• Identify bias in visual, auditory, and literary works 
• Discern between good and evil, real and imaginary, fact and opinion 
• Use graphic organizers 
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Analyze author’s craft 
• Analyze story elements 
• Synthesize information from multiple, reliable resources 
• Analyze main ideas of print and visual media 
• Write summaries 
• Develop discriminatory skills 
Reference Skills 
• Use library references 
• Use reference resources 
Word Study 
• Read, spell, and write words with short and long vowels  
• Correctly spell grade-appropriate words 
• Read, spell, and write homophones 
• Read, spell, and write common contractions 
• Read, spell, write, and define easily confused words 
• Read, spell, and write compound words 
Sentence Skills
• Identify the subject and predicate in a sentence 
• Identify and use conjunctions 
• Recognize fragments and run-on sentences; combine short, related sentences 
• Identify and use grade-appropriate punctuation 
• Write sentences, paragraphs, and stories 
• Edit for usage 
• Identify action verbs 
• Identify and use correct verb tense 
• Identify and use adjectives 
• Identify and use proper nouns 
• Identify and use proper adjectives 
• Identify and use adverbs 
• Capitalize and punctuate abbreviations 

 

SIXTH GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Use the writing process  
• Write expository papers 
• Recognize and read grade-appropriate sight words 
• Organize final drafts logically 
• Write from an outline 
• Edit spelling, grammar and punctuation 
• Write sentences, paragraphs, poetry, and stories 
• Write using a variety of genres 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Sequence events through pictures, notes, timelines, charts, and paragraphs 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Develop main idea outlines using number notes with topics and details 
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases by using context clues or resource materials 
• Create and experiment with visual media to communicate story elements and establish mood 
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Analyze story elements 
• Use graphic organizers 
• Develop two-column notes and charts 
• Write summaries 
• Develop discriminatory skills 
• Understand similes and metaphors 
• Synthesize information from multiple, reliable resources 
Reference Skills 
• Use library references 
• Use reference resources 
Word Study 
• Read, spell, and write multi-syllabic words 
• Correctly spell grade-appropriate words 
• Read, spell, write, and define suffixes 
• Read, spell, write, and define words from other cultures 
• Read, spell, write, and define easily confused words 
Sentence Skills
• Identify and write different kinds of sentences 
• Recognize and edit: commas, abbreviations, quotations, titles, compound sentences, appositives 
• Recognize and use possessive nouns 
• Identify and use verbs 
• Identify and use adverbs 
• Identify and use parts of speech 
• Recognize and write sentences with natural, interrupted, and invented order  
• Identify and use prepositional phrases 
• Identify and use adjective phrases 

 

SEVENTH GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Use the writing process 
• Write summaries 
• Edit for spelling, grammar, and punctuation 
• Write in cursive legibly with proper form and size 
• Organize final drafts logically 
• Write from an outline 
• Show how the writer thinks and feels about a topic in the final draft 
• Read a variety of genres 
• Write using a variety of genres 
• Read to obtain information 
• Write from a Christ-centered perspective 
• Write autobiographies, journals, flip books, and spool papers 
• Write to share, explain, express feelings and opinions, and share research 
• Write a friendly letter 
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Listen to, contribute, and stay on topic in discussions 
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words through context clues 
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Predict outcomes 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Give oral reports 
• Analyze story elements 
• Develop two-column notes and charts 
• Use graphic organizers 
• Analyze, compare and contrast characters through notes 
• Take notes on narratives using story plans 
• Synthesize information from multiple reliable resources 
• Use character notes and maps 
• Answer printed questions 
Reference Skills 
• Use library references 
• Use reference resources 
• Use a Bible concordance 
Word Study 
• Correctly spell grade-appropriate words 
• Read, spell, and write multisyllabic words 
• Read, spell, and write grade-appropriate sight words 
• Read, spell, and write synonyms 
• Write clear, concise sentences, including compound and complex sentences 
• Identify and use nouns 
• Identify and use prepositions 
• Identify and use objects of the preposition 
• Diagram sentences with prepositional phrases 
• Edit for punctuation, grammar, and spelling 
Sentence Skills
• Write clear, concise, varied, and complete sentences 
• Identify and write the four types of sentences 
• Edit for capitalization  
• Identify and use grade appropriate punctuation 
• Write titles correctly 
• Recognize and use action, helping, singular, and plural verbs 
• Recognize and use perfect tenses, progressive tenses, active and passive voice 
• Recognize and use transitive and intransitive verbs 
• Write sentences, paragraphs, essays, and stories 
• Identify and use adverbs 
• Recognize and use comparative and superlative forms 
• Recognize, use, and edit double negatives 
• Use new vocabulary in concept maps, sentences, and discussion 
• Identify and use pronouns 
• Recognize and use possessive, agreement with indefinite pronouns 
• Recognize and use interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, reflexive, intensive, and pronoun 
cases 

 

EIGHTH GRADE 

Extended Reading and Writing      
• Write poetry, letters, and plays 
• Write essays within a specific time period 
• Show how the writer thinks and feels about a topic in the final draft 
• Develop a spool paper 
• Use the writing process 
• Write and create visual media from a Christ-centered perspective 
• Write for various purposes and audiences 
• Write using story elements 
• Read to obtain information 
• Write expository papers 
• Write newspaper articles 
• Write parables 1516
Comprehending, Studying, and Evaluating Ideas
• Use projection, rate, articulation, and phrasing to communicate effectively 
• Dramatize 
• Write paragraphs with main ideas and details 
• Evaluate by opinion-proof notes and persuasive paragraphs 
• Give oral reports 
• Develop presentations 
• Develop a Venn diagram 
• Determine meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases by using context clues or resource materials 
• Create and experiment with visual media to communicate story elements and understanding of 
concepts 
• Use graphic organizers 
• Analyze story elements 
• Synthesize information from multiple, reliable sources 
• Use writing to persuade 
• Develop two-column and opinion-proof notes 
• Communicate effectively by listening, speaking, and non-verbal language  
• Analyze and compare characters through maps, notes, charts, and diagrams 
• Keep response journals 
Reference Skills 
• Use reference resources 
Word Study 
• Correctly spell grade-appropriate words 
• Recognize the use of rhythm and rhyme 
• Read, spell, and write synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, and homophones 
• Use new vocabulary in concept maps, sentences, and discussions 
Sentence Skills
• Recognize and use singular, plural, and possessive nouns 
• Recognize and use predicate, collective, compound, concrete and abstract nouns 
• Identify and use verbs 
• Recognize and use verb tenses 
• Recognize and use progressive verb tenses 
• Identify and use adjectives 
• Recognize the difference between adjectives and adverbs 
• Diagram sentences with adjectives and adverbs 
• Identify and use proper adjectives and predicate adjectives 
• Identify and use comparative and superlative forms 
• Write sentences, paragraphs, reports, and stories 
• Identify and use pronouns